Former Communist party membership and present-day entrepreneurship

Artjoms Ivlevs*, Milena Nikolova, Olga Popova

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)

Samenvatting

After the collapse of communism in Central and Eastern Europe, former party members were particularly likely to start businesses and become entrepreneurs. What remains unclear, however, is whether this entrepreneurial activity was driven by the resources, information, and opportunities provided by former party membership or because individuals with specific individual attributes were more likely to become Communist cadres (self-selection). This study is the first to separate the causal effect of former Communist party membership from self-selection. Using individual-level Life in Transition-III survey data and a control function approach, we find that former Communist party membership has facilitated business set-up but not business longevity in Central and Eastern European countries. We also show that people who joined the former ruling party had fewer of the traits associated with entrepreneurship such as unobservable personality traits, ability, motivation, and entrepreneurial aptitude, and as such were negatively self-selected. We show that former Communist party membership still matters for business practices, business ethics, and the nature of doing business in transition economies.
Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's18
TijdschriftSmall Business Economics
DOI's
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 25-jun-2020

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