BACKGROUND: Fragility fractures (FFxs) and osteoporosis are frequent manifestations of indolent systemic mastocytosis (ISM). So far, the effect of antiosteoporotic therapy on FFxs has scarcely been investigated.
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the long-term effect of bisphosphonate treatment on FFxs, bone mineral density (BMD), and bone resorption in patients with ISM in daily clinical practice.
METHODS: Patients with ISM who received bisphosphonates because of osteoporosis and/or FFxs were retrospectively analyzed (n = 58). Fractures were recorded by vertebral fracture assessment, X-rays of the thoracolumbar spine, medical records, and a questionnaire. Five-year analysis (n = 30) was made by comparing observed 5-year FFx risk with MastFx-predicted FFx risk for patients with ISM not treated with antiosteoporotic drugs and analyzing 5-year change in BMD and serum collagen C telopeptide (sCTx) Z-scores.
RESULTS: During the median follow-up of 7.3 years, 14 of 58 patients suffered 40 FFxs. Five- and 10-year FFx-free survival were 81.9% (standard error [SE], 5.5%) and 67.0% (SE, 7.7%), respectively. FFx risk was significantly higher in patients with previous vertebral FFxs (P = .004), lower femoral BMD at baseline (P = .042), and history of anaphylaxis (P = .028). No 5-year FFx risk reduction could be proven, possibly due to the small sample size. The lumbar BMD Z-score significantly increased from median (interquartile range [IQR]) -2.20 (-2.80 to -1.50) to -1.50 ( -2.30 to -0.60) (P<.001, n = 27). The sCTx Z-score decreased from median 0.71 (IQR, -0.59 to 2.39) to -0.95 (-1.30 to -0.16) (P = .008, n = 15).
CONCLUSION: Bisphosphonates significantly increase BMD and decrease sCTx in patients with ISM. However, FFxs still frequently occur. Especially patients with previous FFxs remain at high risk of new FFxs. (C) 2020 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
|Tijdschrift||Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||10|
|Status||Published - nov-2020|