Simple Summary Our work establishes that amplification of 4EBP1, as a part of Chr. 8p11, creates a synthetic dependency on FGFR1 signaling in cancer. 4EBP1 is phosphorylated by FGFR1 and PI3K signaling, and accordingly cancer with 4EBP1-FGFR1 amplification is more sensitive to FGFR1 and PI3K inhibition due to inhibition of 4EBP1 phosphorylation. Moreover, we characterize the translational targets of 4EBP1 and identify that 4EBP1 specifically regulates the translation of genes involved in insulin signaling, glucose metabolism, and the inositol pathway that plays a role in cancer progression. The eIF4E translation initiation factor has oncogenic properties and concordantly, the inhibitory eIF4E-binding protein (4EBP1) is considered a tumor suppressor. The exact molecular effects of 4EBP1 activation in cancer are still unknown. Surprisingly, 4EBP1 is a target of genomic copy number gains (Chr. 8p11) in breast and lung cancer. We noticed that 4EBP1 gains are genetically linked to gains in neighboring genes, including WHSC1L1 and FGFR1. Our results show that FGFR1 gains act to attenuate the function of 4EBP1 via PI3K-mediated phosphorylation at Thr37/46, Ser65, and Thr70 sites. This implies that not 4EBP1 but instead FGFR1 is the genetic target of Chr. 8p11 gains in breast and lung cancer. Accordingly, these tumors show increased sensitivity to FGFR1 and PI3K inhibition, and this is a therapeutic vulnerability through restoring the tumor-suppressive function of 4EBP1. Ribosome profiling reveals genes involved in insulin signaling, glucose metabolism, and the inositol pathway to be the relevant translational targets of 4EBP1. These mRNAs are among the top 200 translation targets and are highly enriched for structure and sequence motifs in their 5 ' UTR, which depends on the 4EBP1-EIF4E activity. In summary, we identified the translational targets of 4EBP1-EIF4E that facilitate the tumor suppressor function of 4EBP1 in cancer.