Functional and morphological lumbar multifidus characteristics in subgroups with low back pain in primary care

Anke Hofste*, Remko Soer, Gerbrand Groen, Job van der Palen, Frank J.B. Geerdink, Frits G.J. Oosterveld, Henrie Kiers, André Wolff, Hermie J. Hermens

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Background: Since the contribution of the lumbar multifidus(LM) is not well understood in relation to nonspecific low back pain(LBP), this may limit physiotherapists in choosing the most appropriate treatment strategy. Objectives: This study aims to compare clinical characteristics, in terms of LM function and morphology, between subacute and chronic LBP patients from a large clinical practice cohort compared to healthy controls. Design: Multicenter case control study. Method: Subacute and chronic LBP patients and healthy controls between 18 and 65 years of age were included. Several clinical tests were performed: primary outcomes were the LM thickness from ultrasound measurements, trunk range of motion(ROM) from 3D kinematic tests, and median frequency and root mean square values of LM by electromyography measurements. The secondary outcomes Numeric Rating Scale for Pain(NRS) and the Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) were administered. Comparisons between groups were made with ANOVA, pvalues< 0.05, with Tukey’s HSD post-hoc test were considered significant. Results: A total of 161 participants were included, 50 healthy controls, 59 chronic LBP patients, and 52 subacute LBP patients. Trunk ROM and LM thickness were significantly larger in healthy controls compared to all LBP patients(p < 0.01). A lower LM thickness was found between subacute and chronic LBP patients although not significant(p = 0.11–0.97). All between-group comparisons showed no statistically significant differences in electromyography outcomes (p = 0.10–0.32). NRS showed no significant differences between LBP subgroups(p = 0.21). Chronic LBP patients showed a significant higher ODI score compared to subacute LBP patients(p = 0.03). Conclusions: Trunk ROM and LM thickness show differences between LBP patients and healthy controls.
Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftMusculoskeletal science & practice
StatusPublished - okt-2021

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