Gender roles in relation to assertiveness and Eysenckian personality dimensions: Replication with a Spanish population sample

W.A. Arrindell, A.I Vergara, B. Torres, V.E. Caballo, R. Sanderman, M G Calvo, J. Vanderende, L. Oosterhof, J Castro

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

15 Citaten (Scopus)


The objective of the present study was to evaluate the cross-national replicability of the usual pattern of associations observed in Anglo-Saxon samples between masculinity and femininity on the one hand and difficulty and distress in assertiveness and the major Eysenckian dimensions of personality on the other hand. Participants were 925 Spanish Ss (54% females; and 95.5% ''European or other white''). Both the masculinity theory of psychological well-being and the notion that high femininity would not be implicated in self-assessed psychological distress or dysfunction were supported by the data. Higher-order analysis showed that masculinity loaded highly on Positive Affect whereas femininity had its primary loading on Constraint. Tentative support was found for the femininity-humility hypothesis advanced by P. B. Zeldow, S. R. Clark, and D. C. Daugherty in 1985.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)79-92
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftSex Roles
Nummer van het tijdschrift1-2
StatusPublished - jan-1997

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