General practitioners' perspectives on management of early-stage chronic kidney disease: A focus group study

Carola Van Dipten*, Saskia Van Berkel, Wim J.C. De Grauw, Nynke D. Scherpbier-De Haan, Bouke Brongers, Karel Van Spaendonck, Jack F.M. Wetzels, Willem J.J. Assendelft, Marianne K. Dees

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

17 Citaten (Scopus)


Background: Guideline adherence in chronic kidney disease management is low, despite guideline implementation initiatives. Knowing general practitioners' (GPs') perspectives of management of early-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the applicability of the national interdisciplinary guideline could support strategies to improve quality of care. Method: Qualitative focus group study with 27 GPs in the Netherlands. Three analysts open-coded and comparatively analysed the data. Mind-mapping sessions were performed after data-saturation. Results: Five themes emerged: defining CKD, knowledge and awareness, patient-physician interaction, organisation of CKD care and value of the guideline. A key finding was the abstractness of the CKD concept. The GPs expressed various perspectives about defining CKD and interpreting estimated glomerular filtration rates. Views about clinical relevance influenced the decision-making, although factual knowledge seems lacking. Striving to inform well enough without creating anxiety and to explain suitably for the intellectual ability of the patient caused tension in the patient-physician interaction. Integration with cardiovascular disease-management programmes was mentioned as a way of implementing CKD care in the future. The guideline was perceived as a rough guide rather than a leading document. Conclusion: CKD is perceived as an abstract rather than a clinical concept. Abstractness plays a role in all formulated themes. Management of CKD patients in primary care is complex and is influenced by physician-bound considerations related to individual knowledge and perception of the importance of CKD. Strategies are needed to improve GPs' understanding of the concept of CKD by education, a holistic approach to guidelines, and integration of CKD care into cardiovascular programmes. Trial registration: Not applicable.

Originele taal-2English
TijdschriftBMC Family Practice
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - 6-jun.-2018
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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