Genetic aberrations in macroautophagy genes leading to diseases

Nienke van Beek, Daniel J Klionsky, Fulvio Reggiori*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

36 Citaten (Scopus)
474 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

The catabolic process of macroautophagy, through the rapid degradation of unwanted cellular components, is involved in a multitude of cellular and organismal functions that are essential to maintain homeostasis. Those functions include adaptation to starvation, cell development and differentiation, innate and adaptive immunity, tumor suppression, autophagic cell death, and maintenance of stem cell stemness. Not surprisingly, an impairment or block of macroautophagy can lead to severe pathologies. A still increasing number of reports, in particular, have revealed that mutations in the autophagy-related (ATG) genes, encoding the key players of macroautophagy, are either the cause or represent a risk factor for the development of several illnesses. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of the diseases and disorders currently known that are or could be caused by mutations in core ATG proteins but also in the so-called autophagy receptors, which provide specificity to the process of macroautophagy. Our compendium underlines the medical relevance of this pathway and underscores the importance of the eventual development of therapeutic approaches aimed at modulating macroautophagy.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)803-816
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1865
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
DOI's
StatusPublished - mei-2018

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