Genetic diversity of the African malaria vector Anopheles gambiae

The Anopheles gambiae 1000 Genomes Consortium

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

209 Citaten (Scopus)
590 Downloads (Pure)


The sustainability of malaria control in Africa is threatened by the rise of insecticide resistance in Anopheles mosquitoes, which transmit the disease(1). To gain a deeper understanding of how mosquito populations are evolving, here we sequenced the genomes of 765 specimens of Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles coluzzii sampled from 15 locations across Africa, and identified over 50 million single nucleotide polymorphisms within the accessible genome. These data revealed complex population structure and patterns of gene flow, with evidence of ancient expansions, recent bottlenecks, and local variation in effective population size. Strong signals of recent selection were observed in insecticide-resistance genes, with several sweeps spreading over large geographical distances and between species. The design of new tools for mosquito control using gene-drive systems will need to take account of high levels of genetic diversity in natural mosquito populations.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)96-100
Aantal pagina's17
Nummer van het tijdschrift7683
Vroegere onlinedatum29-nov.-2017
StatusPublished - 7-dec.-2017


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