Genome-wide analysis in over 1 million individuals of European ancestry yields improved polygenic risk scores for blood pressure traits

Million Veteran Program, Jacob M Keaton, Zoha Kamali, Tian Xie, Ahmad Vaez*, Ariel Williams, Slavina B Goleva, Alireza Ani, Evangelos Evangelou, Jacklyn N Hellwege, Loic Yengo, William J Young, Matthew Traylor, Ayush Giri, Zhili Zheng, Jian Zeng, Daniel I Chasman, Andrew P Morris, Mark J Caulfield, Shih-Jen HwangJaspal S Kooner, David Conen, John R Attia, Alanna C Morrison, Ruth J F Loos, Kati Kristiansson, Reinhold Schmidt, Andrew A Hicks, Peter P Pramstaller, Christopher P Nelson, Nilesh J Samani, Lorenz Risch, Ulf Gyllensten, Olle Melander, Harriette Riese, James F Wilson, Harry Campbell, Stephen S Rich, Bruce M Psaty, Yingchang Lu, Jerome I Rotter, Xiuqing Guo, Kenneth M Rice, Peter Vollenweider, Pim van der Harst, Peter J van der Most, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Martin H De Borst, Ilja M Nolte, Peter M Visscher, Todd L. Edwards*, Harold Snieder, Helen R Warren*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

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Hypertension affects more than one billion people worldwide. Here we identify 113 novel loci, reporting a total of 2,103 independent genetic signals (P < 5 × 10-8) from the largest single-stage blood pressure (BP) genome-wide association study to date (n = 1,028,980 European individuals). These associations explain more than 60% of single nucleotide polymorphism-based BP heritability. Comparing top versus bottom deciles of polygenic risk scores (PRSs) reveals clinically meaningful differences in BP (16.9 mmHg systolic BP, 95% CI, 15.5-18.2 mmHg, P = 2.22 × 10-126) and more than a sevenfold higher odds of hypertension risk (odds ratio, 7.33; 95% CI, 5.54-9.70; P = 4.13 × 10-44) in an independent dataset. Adding PRS into hypertension-prediction models increased the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) from 0.791 (95% CI, 0.781-0.801) to 0.826 (95% CI, 0.817-0.836, ∆AUROC, 0.035, P = 1.98 × 10-34). We compare the 2,103 loci results in non-European ancestries and show significant PRS associations in a large African-American sample. Secondary analyses implicate 500 genes previously unreported for BP. Our study highlights the role of increasingly large genomic studies for precision health research.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)778-791
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftNature genetics
Volume56
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
DOI's
StatusPublished - mei-2024

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