Genome-wide analysis reveals two novel mosaic regions containing an ACME with an identical DNA sequence in the MRSA ST398-t011 and MSSA ST8-t008 isolates

Artur J. Sabat, Weronika M. Ilczyszyn, Miranda van Rijen, Viktoria Akkerboom-Likhuta, Bhanu Sinha, Jan Kluytmans, Jacek Miedzobrodzki, Hajo Grundmann, Alexander W. Friedrich*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

5 Citaten (Scopus)


Objectives: The presence of the arginine catabolic mobile element (ACME) in Staphylococcus aureus has been reported to enhance the colonization of the human host. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic organization of composite islands harbouring ACME.

Methods: Two ACME-positive S. aureus isolates obtained during two different surveys conducted in the Netherlands and Poland were characterized in this study. The isolates were analysed by spa typing, DNA micro-arrays and whole-genome sequencing.

Results: The two isolates harboured a truncated yet fully functional ACME type II with an identical nucleotide sequence, but differed in their adjacent mobile genetic elements. The first strain was a livestock-associated ST398-t011 MRSA, which had a staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) composite island composed of SCCpls adjacent to orfX followed by ACME type II and SCCmec type IVa. The second ACME-positive isolate was an ST8-t008 MSSA. Its composite island showed an SCC-like element carrying the ccrC gene followed by ACME II.

Conclusions: This is the first report of an ACME in a livestock-associated MRSA ST398. It is also the first presentation of an ACME composite island structure in an MSSA isolate. Our findings indicate an extensive mosaicism of composite islands in S. aureus, which has implications for the transmissibility among humans and thus for public health.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1298-1302
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
StatusPublished - mei-2015

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