Globular cluster systems of six shell galaxies

G. Sikkema*, R. F. Peletier, D. Carter, E. A. Valentijn, M. Balcells

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: Review articleAcademicpeer review

26 Citaten (Scopus)


Context. Shells in Elliptical Galaxies are faint, sharp-edged features, believed to provide evidence of a recent (similar to 0.5-2 x 10(9) years ago) merger event. We analyse the Globular Cluster (GC) systems of six shell elliptical galaxies, to examine the effects of mergers upon the GC formation history.

Aims. We examine the colour distributions, and investigate differences between red and blue globular cluster populations. We present luminosity functions, spatial distributions and specific frequencies (S-N) at 50 kpc radius for our sample.

Methods. We present V and I magnitudes for cluster candidates measured with the HST Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS). Galaxy background light is modelled and removed, and magnitudes are measured in 8 pixel (0.4 arcsec) diameter apertures. Background contamination is removed using counts from Hubble Deep Field South.

Results. We find that the colour distributions for NGC 3923 and NGC 5982 have a bimodal form typical of bright ellipticals, with peaks near V - I = 0.92 +/- 0.04 and V - I = 1.18 +/- 0.06. In NGC 7626, we find in addition a population of abnormally luminous clusters at M-I = -12.5. In NGC 2865 we find an unusually blue population, which may also be young. In NGC 1344 and NGC 474 the red cluster population is marginally detected. The radial surface density profiles are more flattened than the galaxy light in the cores. As already known, in NGC 3923, which has a high S-N of 5.6, the radial density distribution is more shallower than the diffuse galaxy light.

Conclusions. The clusters in NGC 2865 and NGC 7626 provide evidence for formation of a population associated with a recent merger. In the other galaxies, the properties of the clusters are similar to those observed in other, non-shell, elliptical galaxies.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)53-67
Aantal pagina's15
TijdschriftAstronomy & astrophysics
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - okt-2006

Citeer dit