Grassroots NGOs and Environmental Governance in China: Institutional Opportunities and Constraints

Yingruo Wang


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    Over the past two decades, tensions on environmental issues have increased dramatically in China. Environmental pollution issues are among the most urgent concerns of the Chinese people. Environmental degradation has caused huge and adverse impacts on China’s economic and social development. Since the first grassroots ENGO, Friends of Nature (FON), was founded in 1994, the number of ENGOs has increased rapidly in China. With the development of grassroots ENGOs and an increasing demand from the ordinary citizens for a better living environment, Chinese grassroots ENGOs have been increasingly responsive to environmental degradation and pollution problems on behalf of the interest of the public. Grassroots ENGOs have played an important role in public education, social service delivery, and in recent years there are signs that some grassroots ENGOs have become increasingly active in policy advocacy.

    The purpose of this study has been to explore to what extent grassroots ENGOs’ participation has influenced policy-making and environmental governance in China. The dynamics between government agencies and grassroots ENGOs in the policy-making process and how grassroots ENGOs advocate policy changes within China’s context remained under-investigated up till now. To fill in this gap in the literature, this study creates an analytical framework combining two fundamental theories: institutional theory and resource dependence theory. Based on three cases, this study has generalized the overall characteristic of Chinese environmental activism.
    Originele taal-2English
    KwalificatieDoctor of Philosophy
    Toekennende instantie
    • Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
    • Herman, Joost, Supervisor
    • Zhao, Yongjun, Co-supervisor
    Datum van toekenning6-sep-2018
    Plaats van publicatie[Groningen]
    Gedrukte ISBN's978-94-034-0975-7
    Elektronische ISBN's978-94-034-0974-0
    StatusPublished - 2018

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