Food allergy is a potentially life-threatening disease with a detrimental effect on the quality of life of caregivers and children.(1) Although many different types of food have been identified as potential elicitors of allergic reactions, only a small number of these foods cause the majority of reactions.(2) Food consists of a complex mixture of nutrient and non-nutrient components and their molecular interactions, which are known as the food matrix. Individual matrix components, or the matrix as a whole, may interact with a food allergen and may influence the clinical response to that allergen. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.