The dependence of the cellular (biogenic) and frustule-associated (mineralized) silica content of the diatoms Navicula salinarum and Thalassiosira weissflogii on salinity and aluminium conditions was studied in order to make it possible to manipulate silicification in vitro and maximize it to levels required for physico-chemical frustule characterization by physisorption, X-ray scattering analysis and NMR. which is our ultimate objective. Enrichments with AlCl3 increased growth and the final cell density of the pennate N. salinarum, but not of the centric species T, weissflogii. Aluminium additions did not, however, result in a significant increase in the biogenic or mineralized silica content per cell and could not be detected in the silica matrix of the frustule. In contrast, lowering the salinity from 28 practical salinity units (PSU) to 20 and 15 resulted in a significant increase in the biogenic silica content per cell of both species, which is in line with an increase in density of the chemically derived silica under low salt conditions. The silica content per cell was variable during culture growth; increase in cell densities (during exponential growth) was accompanied by a decrease in contents of biogenic silica per cell. Electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA) support the chemical analyses and also suggest higher biogenic silica contents at lower salinities. The results indicate that besides silicate concentration and pH, the concentration of salts is an important inorganic factor that affects the silica polymerization inside the silica deposition vesicle of diatoms.
|Pagina's (van-tot)||307 - 316|
|Tijdschrift||European Journal of Phycology|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||3|
|Status||Published - aug.-1999|