Growth and silica content of the diatoms Thalassiosira weissflogii and Navicula salinarum at different salinities and enrichments with aluminium

EG Vrieling*, L Poort, TPM Beelen, WWC Gieskes

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

    4 Citaten (Scopus)

    Samenvatting

    The dependence of the cellular (biogenic) and frustule-associated (mineralized) silica content of the diatoms Navicula salinarum and Thalassiosira weissflogii on salinity and aluminium conditions was studied in order to make it possible to manipulate silicification in vitro and maximize it to levels required for physico-chemical frustule characterization by physisorption, X-ray scattering analysis and NMR. which is our ultimate objective. Enrichments with AlCl3 increased growth and the final cell density of the pennate N. salinarum, but not of the centric species T, weissflogii. Aluminium additions did not, however, result in a significant increase in the biogenic or mineralized silica content per cell and could not be detected in the silica matrix of the frustule. In contrast, lowering the salinity from 28 practical salinity units (PSU) to 20 and 15 resulted in a significant increase in the biogenic silica content per cell of both species, which is in line with an increase in density of the chemically derived silica under low salt conditions. The silica content per cell was variable during culture growth; increase in cell densities (during exponential growth) was accompanied by a decrease in contents of biogenic silica per cell. Electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA) support the chemical analyses and also suggest higher biogenic silica contents at lower salinities. The results indicate that besides silicate concentration and pH, the concentration of salts is an important inorganic factor that affects the silica polymerization inside the silica deposition vesicle of diatoms.

    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)307 - 316
    Aantal pagina's10
    TijdschriftEuropean Journal of Phycology
    Volume34
    Nummer van het tijdschrift3
    StatusPublished - aug.-1999

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