Gut microbiome and bile acids in obesity-related diseases

Rumei Li, Sergio Andreu-Sánchez, Folkert Kuipers, Jingyuan Fu*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: Review articlepeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Dysbiosis has been implemented in the etiologies of obesity-related chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, NAFLD and cardiovascular diseases. Bile acids, a class of amphipathic steroids produced in the liver and extensively modified by the microbiome, are increasingly recognized as actors in onset and progression of these diseases. Indeed, human obesity is associated with altered bile acid metabolism. Bile acids facilitate intestinal fat absorption but also exert hormone-like functions through activation of nuclear and membrane-bound receptors and thereby modulate glucose, lipid and energy metabolism, intestinal integrity and immunity. Bile acid signaling pathways have thus been identified as potential pharmacological targets for obesity-related diseases. Interfering with micro biome composition may also be considered, as liver-and microbiomederived bile acid species have different signaling functions. This review summarizes recent developments in this rapidly expanding field of research and addresses potential clinical prospects of interference with bile acid signaling pathways in human diseases.

(c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer101493
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftBest practice & research. Clinical endocrinology & metabolism
Volume35
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
Vroegere onlinedatum10-feb-2021
DOI's
StatusPublished - mei-2021

Citeer dit