Gynaecological and obstetrical bleeding in women with factor XI deficiency - a systematic review

S. Wiewel-Verschueren*, I. J. Arendz, H. M. Knol, Karina Meijer

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutputpeer review

24 Citaten (Scopus)


Menstrual bleeding, pregnancy and delivery present an intrinsic haemostatic challenge to women with bleeding disorders such as factor XI (FXI) deficiency. Aim: To provide a systematic overview of studies on gynaecological and obstetrical bleeding problems in women with FXI deficiency. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane library for studies that present original data on the incidence of and treatment options for gynaecological and obstetrical bleeding in FXI-deficient women. Results: We identified 27 studies, including a total of 372 women with FXI deficiency. All studies were observational, no interventional treatment studies were found. Most patients had a mild deficiency (FXI >= 20 IU dL(-1)). Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) was reported in 7-67%. In 7/19 (37%) women who underwent gynaecological procedures, a bleeding complication occurred, including in 2/7 hysterectomies (29%). About 3-20% of reported pregnancies ended in a miscarriage; of these miscarriages 0-25% (4/23 miscarriages) were complicated by bleeding. Terminations of pregnancies (TOP) were complicated by bleeding in 4 out of 11 cases (36%). In 90 out of 498 (18%) deliveries a postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) was reported, ranging from 0 to 50% in individual studies. In 21% (66/321) of deliveries, prophylaxis was given. This was associated with 9% (6/66) PPH, compared to 19% in deliveries without prophylaxis (84/432). Epidural analgesia was performed without complications in 44 patients. Conclusion: Women with FXI deficiency have a clearly increased risk of HMB, and of bleeding complications after miscarriage, TOP and delivery. No high quality data are available regarding prophylactic treatment.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)188-195
Aantal pagina's8
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
StatusPublished - mrt.-2016

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