Patients with social phobia show specific non-verbal behaviour pattern during psychotherapy sessions. As hand rest positions reveal openness to rapport in social interactions, this study takes a look at this type of nonverbal behaviour. Videos of 10 patient-therapist dyads at the beginning and end of psychodynamic psychotherapies were analyzed with the Rest Position category of the NEUROGES-ELAN system. Three different types of rest positions (open, closed, and crossed) were compared. Patients performed significantly more and shorter rest positions than therapists. They displayed crossed rest positions more frequently, as well as shorter closed and open rest positions. Between beginning and end of therapy, no significant differences in rest positions were found. The study revealed a higher restlessness in patients. The patients’ preference for crossed rest position is likely to reflect their fear to expose themselves to the social situation. As rest positions didn’t change over time, they appear to be a rather state-independent non-verbal behaviour with a high intra-individual reliability.
|Tijdschrift||Journal of Multimodal Communication Studies|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||1-2|
|Status||Published - 2017|