Hansenula polymorpha cells lacking the ER-localized peroxins Pex23 or Pex29 show defects in mitochondrial function and morphology

Haiqiong Chen, Rinse de Boer, Arjen M Krikken, Fei Wu, Ida van der Klei*

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Samenvatting

Pex23 family proteins localize to the endoplasmic reticulum and play a role in peroxisome and lipid body formation. The yeast Hansenula polymorpha contains four members: Pex23, Pex24, Pex29 and Pex32. We previously showed that loss of Pex24 or Pex32 results in severe peroxisomal defects, caused by reduced peroxisome-endoplasmic reticulum contact sites. We now analyzed the effect of the absence of all four Pex23 family proteins on other cell organelles. Vacuoles were normal in all four deletion strains. The number of lipid droplets was reduced in pex23 and pex29, but not in pex24 and pex32 cells, indicating that peroxisome and lipid droplet formation require different Pex23 family proteins in H. polymorpha. In pex23 and pex29 cells mitochondria were fragmented and clustered accompanied by reduced levels of the fusion protein Fzo1. Deletion of DNM1 suppressed the morphological phenotype of pex23 and pex29 cells, suggesting that mitochondrial fusion is affected. pex23 and pex29 cells showed retarded growth and reduced mitochondrial activities. The growth defect was partially suppressed by DNM1 deletion as well as by an artificial mitochondrion-endoplasmic reticulum tether. Hence, the absence of Pex23 family proteins may influence mitochondrion-endoplasmic reticulum contact sites.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer bio060271
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftOpen Biology
Volume13
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
Vroegere onlinedatum29-apr.-2024
DOI's
StatusPublished - 21-mei-2024

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