(1) Background: Individuals carrying a pathogenic transthyretin gene variant (TTRv) are at high risk for developing hereditary transthyretin (ATTRv) amyloidosis and are routinely screened for the development of cardiomyopathy (ATTRv-CM). This study aims to evaluate whether the cardiac biomarkers N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) can be used to rule out ATTRv-CM. 

(2) Methods: In this retrospective case-control study, data from 46 ATTRv-CM patients and 101 TTRv carriers and ATTRv amyloidosis patients without cardiomyopathy were included. Binary logistic regression models were used to assess the ability of NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT to predict the diagnosis of ATTRv-CM. An optimal cutoff for the relevant biomarker(s) was determined based on a sensitivity of ≥99% and the highest possible percentage of additional tests avoided (%ATA) in the index dataset. 

(3) Results: Hs-cTnT demonstrated the highest predictive capabilities for ATTRv-CM. The addition of NT-proBNP did not improve the predictive model. A hs-cTnT cutoff of <6 ng/L resulted in a 97% sensitivity and a negative predictive value of 95% with a %ATA of 30% in the validation dataset. 

(4) Conclusion: In conclusion, hs-cTnT is a useful biomarker for excluding cardiac involvement in TTRv carriers and ATTRv amyloidosis patients and it has the potential to prevent unnecessary diagnostic procedures.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftJournal of Clinical Medicine
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusPublished - 1-feb.-2024

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