Host conditioning with 5-fluorouracil and kit-ligand to provide for long-term bone marrow engraftment

Ronald van Os, D Dawes, JMK Mislow, A Witsell, PM Mauch

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25 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Administration of kit-ligand (KL) before and after doses of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) results in marrow failure in mice, presumably because of enhanced KL-induced cycling of stem cells, which makes them more susceptible to the effects of 5-FU. In attempt to capitalize on this effect on stem cells, we studied the ability of KL and 5-FU to allow stable donor engraftment of congenically marked marrow in a C57BL/6 (B6) mouse model. KL was administered subcutaneously at 50 mu g/kg, 21 hours and 9 hours before and 3 hours after each of two doses of 5-FU (125 mg/kg) given 7 days apart to BG-recipients. Animals then received three injections of 10(7) congenic B6-Gpi-1(a)-donor bone marrow cells at 24, 48, and 72 hours after the second 5-FU dose. A separate group of animals received a single dose of either 1 x 10(7) or 3 x 10(7) donor marrow cells 24 hours after the last 5-FU dose. The level of engraftment was measured from Gpi-phenotyping at 1, 3, 6, and 8 months in red blood cells (RBCs) and at 8 months by phenotyping cells from the thymus, spleen, and marrow. Percent donor engraftment in RBCs appeared stable after 6 months. The percent donor engraftment in RBCs at 8 months was significantly higher in KL + 5-FU prepared recipients (33.0 +/- 2.7), compared with 5-FU alone (18.5 +/- 2.6, P <.0005), or saline controls (17.8 +/- 1.7, P <.0001). In an additional experiment, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (100 mu g/dose) was added to a reduced dose of KL (12.5 mu g/dose); engraftment was similar to KL alone. At 8 months after transplantation the levels of engraftment in other tissues such as bone marrow, spleen, and thymus correlated well with erythroid engraftment to suggest that multipotent long-term repopulating stem cells had engrafted in these animals. There are concerns for the toxicity of total body irradiation (TBI)- or busulfan-based regimens in young recipients of syngeneic or transduced autologous marrow who are transplanted for correction of genetic disease. In these recipients complete donor engraftment may not be needed. The results with KL and 5-FU are encouraging for the further refinement of non-TBI, nonbusulfan techniques to achieve stable mixed chimerism. (C) 1997 by The American Society of Hematology.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)2376-2383
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftBlood
Volume89
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
StatusPublished - 1-apr-1997
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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