How expertise and language familiarity influence perception of speech of people with Parkinson’s disease

V. Verkhodanova*, M. Coler, R. Jonkers, W. Lowie

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)
75 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by several motor and non-motor manifestations. PD frequently leads to hypokinetic dysarthria, which affects speech production and often has a detrimental impact on everyday communication. Among the typical manifestations of hypokinetic dysarthria, speech and language therapists (SLTs) identify prosody as the most affected cluster of speech characteristics. However, less is known about how untrained listeners perceive PD speech and how affected prosody influences their assessments of speech. This study explores the perception of sentence type intonation and healthiness of PD speech by listeners with different levels of familiarity with speech disorders in Dutch. We investigated assessments and classification accuracy differences between Dutch-speaking SLTs (n = 18) and Dutch/non-Dutch speaking untrained listeners (n = 27 and n = 124, respectively). We collected speech data from 30 Dutch speakers diagnosed with PD and 30 Dutch healthy controls. The stimuli set consisted of short phrases from spontaneous and read speech and of phrases produced with different sentence type intonation. Listeners participated in an online experiment targeting classification of sentence type intonation and perceived healthiness of speech. Results indicate that both familiarity with speech disorders and with speakers’ language are significant and have different effects depending on the task type, as different listener groups demonstrate different classification accuracy. There is evidence that untrained Dutch listeners classify PD speech as unhealthy more accurately than both trained Dutch and untrained non-Dutch listeners, while trained Dutch listeners outperform the other two groups in sentence type classification.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)165-182
Aantal pagina's18
TijdschriftClinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Volume36
Nummer van het tijdschrift2-3
Vroegere onlinedatum22-nov.-2021
DOI's
StatusPublished - 2022

Vingerafdruk

Duik in de onderzoeksthema's van 'How expertise and language familiarity influence perception of speech of people with Parkinson’s disease'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.

Citeer dit