Aims: To evaluate the effect of video interaction guidance on improving the nurse-child relationship during the wound care procedures. Additionally, determine whether the interactional behavior of nurses is related to pain and distress experienced by children.
Methods: The interactional skills of seven nurses receiving video interaction guidance were compared with those of ten other nurses. The nurse-child interactions were video-taped during wound care procedures. Of the nurses receiving video interaction guidance, three wound dressing changes were videotaped before they received video interaction guidance and three after. The interaction between nurse and child was scored with the Nurse-child interaction taxonomy by two experienced raters. The COMFORT-B behavior scale was used to assess pain, and distress. All raters were blinded regarding video interaction guidance allocation and the sequence of tapes
Results: Five nurses in the intervention group (71 %) showed clinically relevant progress on the taxonomy while only four nurses (40 %) showed similar progress in the control group [p = .10]. A weak association was found between the nurses’ interactions and the children's pain and distress [r = −.30, p = .002].
Conclusions: This is the first study to show that video interaction guidance can be used as a tool to train nurses to become more effective during patient encounters. Furthermore, nurses’ interactional skills are positively associated with a child's pain and distress level.