Improving proton therapy by metal-containing nanoparticles: Nanoscale insights

Thomas Schlathölter, Pierre Eustache, Erika Porcel, Daniela Salado, Lenka Stefancikova, Olivier Tillement, Francois Lux, Pierre Mowat, Aleksandra Biegun, Marc-Jan van Goethem, Hynd Remita, Sandrine Lacombe

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

38 Citaten (Scopus)
282 Downloads (Pure)


The use of nanoparticles to enhance the effect of radiation-based cancer treatments is a growing field of study and recently, even nanoparticle-induced improvement of proton therapy performance has been investigated. Aiming at a clinical implementation of this approach, it is essential to characterize the mechanisms underlying the synergistic effects of nanoparticles combined with proton irradiation. In this study, we investigated the effect of platinum- and gadolinium-based nanoparticles on the nanoscale damage induced by a proton beam of therapeutically relevant energy (150 MeV) using plasmid DNA molecular probe. Two conditions of irradiation (0.44 and 3.6 keV/mu m) were considered to mimic the beam properties at the entrance and at the end of the proton track. We demonstrate that the two metal-containing nanoparticles amplify, in particular, the induction of nanosize damages (>2 nm) which are most lethal for cells. More importantly, this effect is even more pronounced at the end of the proton track. This work gives a new insight into the underlying mechanisms on the nanoscale and indicates that the addition of metal-based nanoparticles is a promising strategy not only to increase the cell killing action of fast protons, but also to improve tumor targeting.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1549-1556
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftInternational Journal of Nanomedicine
Nummer van het tijdschrift11
StatusPublished - 15-apr.-2016

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