Background: patients prefer dry powder inhalation to nebulisation but the Colobreathe dry powder inhaler for colistimethate sodium (CMS) is not well appreciated in the Netherlands for a number of different reasons, including serious cough problems by some patients after inhalation of the drug. Aim: to assess the suitability of the Twincer as alternative to the Colobreathe for patients having problems with this capsule based inhaler. Methods: in vitro evaluation of the Twincer (55 mg) and Colobreathe (125 mg) was performed using the Next Generation Impactor and a laser diffraction apparatus (Sympatec HELOS) operated at 4 kPa (inhalation volume: 4L; n = 3). Results: laser diffraction analyses shows a finer aerosol from the Twincer than from the Colobreathe. Delivered CMS doses and fine particle doses (FPFs 1-5 μm) from Colobreathe were 126 mg (+14.7/-31.9 mg) and 25.5 mg (+2.8/-3.5 mg) respectively versus 48.5 mg (+2.9/-3.3 mg) and 26.4 mg (+1.4/-1.2 mg) from Twincer. Capsule fragmentation and emission of capsule fragments was observed during evaluation of the Colobreathe but not for the Twincer (having the drug in an aluminum blister). Conclusions: The higher dispersion efficiency of the Twincer (FPF is 54.4% of delivered dose versus 20.2% for Colobreathe) enables to inhale a much lower dose (at lower flow rate) without capsule fragments in the aerosol. As a consequence, the Twincer is expected to be better tolerated by patients and, therefore, provides a suitable alternative to the Colobreathe. This expectation is corroborated by positive feedback from the first patients suffering from CF or non-CF bronchiectasis who received the Twincer on the basis of 'medical need'.
|Tijdschrift||European Respiratory Journal|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||Suppl.60|
|Status||Published - 1-sep.-2016|