Increased Global DNA Hypomethylation in Distant Metastatic and Dedifferentiated Thyroid Cancer

Esther N. Klein Hesselink, Carles Zafon, Nuria Villalmanzo, Carmela Iglesias, Bettien M. van Hemel, Marielle S. Klein Hesselink, Cristina Montero-Conde, Raquel Buj, Didac Mauricio, Miguel A. Peinado, Manel Puig-Domingo, Garcilaso Riesco-Eizaguirre, Jordi L. Reverter, Mercedes Robledo, Thera P. Links, Mireia Jorda*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

14 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Context: Global DNA hypomethylation is a major event for the development and progression of cancer, although the significance in thyroid cancer remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate its role in thyroid cancer progression and its potential as a prognostic marker.

Methods: Global hypomethylation of Alu repeats was used as a surrogate marker for DNA global hypomethylation, and was assessed using the Quantification of Unmethylated Alu technique. Mutations in BRAF and RAS were determined by Sanger sequencing.

Results: Ninety primary thyroid tumors were included [28 low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), 13 pediatric DTC, 33 distant metastatic DTC, 7 poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC), and 9 anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC)], as well as 24 distant metastases and 20 normal thyroid tissues. An increasing hypomethylation was found for distant metastatic DTC [median, 4.0; interquartile range (IQR), 3.1 to 6.2] and PDTC/ATC (median, 9.3; IQR, 7.0 to 12.1) as compared with normal thyroid tissue (median, 2.75; IQR, 2.30 to 3.15), whereas low-risk and pediatric DTC were not affected by hypomethylation. Alu hypomethylation was similar between distant metastases and matched primary tumors. Within distant metastatic DTC, Alu hypomethylation was increased in BRAF vs RAS mutated tumors. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses showed that thyroid cancer-related and all-cause mortality were associated with tumor hypomethylation, but this association was lost after adjustment for thyroid cancer risk category.

Conclusion: Distant metastatic DTC, PDTC, and ATC were increasingly affected by global Alu hypomethylation, suggesting that this epigenetic entity may be involved in thyroid cancer progression and dedifferentiation.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)397-406
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume103
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusPublished - feb-2018

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