Independent outdoor mobility of persons with multiple sclerosis – A systematic review

Fleur van der Feen*, Gera de Haan, Iris van der Lijn, Dorothea Heersema, Jan F. Meilof, Joost Heutink

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: Review articlepeer review

10 Citaten (Scopus)
140 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) can manifest itself in many ways, all of which can affect the independent outdoor mobility of persons with MS (pwMS). In most studies, mobility of pwMS is defined by the ability to walk. However, mobility comprises more than walking alone. This systematic review provides an overview of the literature on several types of independent outdoor mobility of pwMS. We aimed to identify which specific factors may influence outdoor mobility and how the lives of pwMS may be affected by a reduced mobility. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed, using three databases (PubMed, PsychInfo and Web of Science). Studies had to describe a group of pwMS sclerosis and had to concern some type of mobility other than walking. Results: The 57 studies that fulfilled the criteria included in total 10,394 pwMS and in addition, 95,300 pwMS in separate prevalence study. These studies showed that pwMS as a group have a decreased fitness to drive, make use of a wheelchair or mobility scooter more often and have difficulties making use of public transport. Mobility problems especially occur in patients with cognitive problems, secondary progressive MS or high disability scores. Conclusions: The reduced mobility may prevent pwMS participating in society. However, few studies investigating interventions or rehabilitation options to improve mobility were found in the existing literature, highlighting an until now under recognised unmet need.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's26
TijdschriftMultiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders
Vroegere onlinedatum22-okt.-2019
StatusPublished - jan.-2020

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