Inhaled allergen bronchoprovocation tests

Zuzana Diamant, Gail M. Gauvreau, Don W. Cockcroft, Louis-Philippe Boulet, Peter J. Sterk, Frans H. C. de Jongh, Barbro Dahlen, Paul M. O'Byrne*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

    81 Citaten (Scopus)


    The allergen bronchoprovocation test is a long-standing exacerbation model of allergic asthma that can induce several clinical and pathophysiologic features of asthma in sensitized subjects. Standardized allergen challenge is primarily a research tool, and when properly conducted by qualified and experienced investigators, it is safe and highly reproducible. In combination with validated airway sampling and sensitive detection techniques, allergen challenge allows the study of several features of the physiology of mainly T(H)2 cell-driven asthma in relation to the kinetics of the underlying airway pathology occurring during the allergen-induced late response. Furthermore, given the small within-subject variability in allergen-induced airway responses, allergen challenge offers an adequate disease model for the evaluation of new (targeted) controller therapies for asthma in a limited number of subjects. In proof-of-efficacy studies thus far, allergen challenge showed a fair positive predicted value and an excellent negative predictive value for the actual clinical efficacy of new antiasthma therapies, underscoring its important role in early drug development. In this review we provide recommendations on challenge methods, response measurements, sample size, safety, and harmonization for future applications.

    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)1045-+
    Aantal pagina's17
    TijdschriftJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
    Nummer van het tijdschrift5
    StatusPublished - nov.-2013

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