46 Citaten (Scopus)


Background/Aims: In designing a versatile liposomal drug carrier to hepatic stellate cells (HSC), the interaction of mannose 6-phosphate human serum albumin (M6P-HSA) liposomes with cultured cells was studied.

Methods: M6P-HSA was covalently coupled to the liposomal surface and the uptake and binding of 3H-labelled M6P-HSA liposomes by primary rat HSC and liver endothelial cells was determined. The targeting ability of M6P-HSA liposomes to HSC was tested in bile duct ligated rats using immunohistochemical methods.

Results: The association of M6P-HSA liposomes with HSC was 4-fold higher than of control liposomes. An excess of M6P-HSA inhibited this association by 58%, indicating M6P receptor specificity. The scavenger receptor competitor polyinosinic acid abolished association of M6P-HSA liposomes with HSC. M6P-HSA liposomes also amply associated with endothelial cells, which abundantly express scavenger receptors. Endocytosis of M6P-HSA liposomes by HSC was temperature dependent and could be inhibited by monensin. In the fibrotic liver M6P-HSA liposomes co-localised with HSC.

Conclusions: Coupling of M6P-HSA to liposomes strongly increases the in vitro uptake of these liposomes by HSC and endothelial cells. Both the mannose 6-phosphate receptor and the scavenger receptors are involved in the uptake process. M6P-HSA liposomes are potential drug carriers to HSC in the fibrotic liver. (c) 2005 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)560-567
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftJournal of Hepatology
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusPublished - mrt-2006

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