Interleukin-1 receptor-like 1 polymorphisms are associated with serum IL1RL1-a, eosinophils, and asthma in childhood

Olga E. M. Savenije, Marjan Kerkhof, Naomi E. Reijmerink, Bert Brunekreef, Johan C. de Jongste, Henriette A. Smit, Alet H. Wijga, Dirkje S. Postma, Gerard H. Koppelman*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

50 Citaten (Scopus)


Background: IL-1 receptor-like 1 (IL1RL1) is a membrane receptor involved in TH(2) inflammatory responses and eosinophilia. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL1RL1 have been associated with blood eosinophil counts in a genome-wide association study and with asthma in family-based and case-control studies. Objective: We assessed in the prospective birth cohort Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy (PIAMA) whether IL1RL1 SNPs associate with levels of its soluble transcript IL1RL1 (IL1RL1-a) in serum, blood eosinophil counts, and asthma prevalence from birth to age 8 years, and whether IL1RL1-a serum levels associate with blood eosinophil counts.

Methods: Fifteen IL1RL1 SNPs were genotyped. Serum IL1RL1-a levels were measured in 2 independent subsets within PIAMA, at 4 and 8 years. Blood eosinophil counts were measured in 4-year-old children.

Results: In 2 independent subsets of children, 13 of 15 SNPs were associated with serum IL1RL1-a levels at ages 4 and 8 years with a consistent direction of effect for each allele. Rs11685480 allele A and rs1420102 allele A were significantly associated with lower numbers of blood eosinophils. In the total cohort, rs1041973 allele A was associated with a decreased risk of developing asthma (odds ratio, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.54-0.90). Rs1420101, recently identified in a genome-wide association study in the Icelandic population, was not associated with asthma in this study. IL1RL1-a levels were not associated with eosinophil counts.

Conclusion: We demonstrate that IL1RL1 polymorphisms are associated with serum IL1RL1-a, blood eosinophils, and asthma in childhood. (J Allergy Clin Immunol 2011;127:750-6.)

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)750-U394
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusPublished - mrt-2011

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