Intermuscular coherence as a biomarker of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation efficacy in Parkinson's disease

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OBJECTIVE: Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) is an established treatment in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the clinical outcome after STN-DBS is variable. The aim of this study was to explore the coherence of antagonistic muscles measured with electromyography (EMG) as novel biomarker of STN-DBS efficacy in PD.

METHODS: EMG of bilateral wrist and upper arm antagonistic muscles of 21 PD patients was recorded during three standardized motor tasks. Patients were measured one day prior to DBS surgery (pre-DBS) and 6 months afterwards (post-DBS). Coherence analyses were performed on the antagonistic muscle pairs. Pearson correlations between intermuscular coherence and clinical performance were calculated.

RESULTS: Intermuscular coherence during each of the different co-contraction tasks significantly correlated to UPDRS-III bradykinesia scores (p < 0.01). In other words, higher intermuscular coherence is associated with more severe PD symptoms. Moreover, coherence changes (pre-DBS - post-DBS coherence) correlated to clinical score changes after DBS (p < 0.01) and pre-DBS coherence correlated to this clinical score change as well (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Higher pre-DBS coherence of antagonistic arm muscles is correlated to worsening of clinical PD state and higher intermuscular coherence predicts enhanced clinical improvement.

SIGNIFICANCE: We propose that pre-DBS intermuscular coherence could be developed into a predictor of STN-DBS clinical outcome. It could aid patient selection and adaptive stimulation algorithms for DBS.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)36-43
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftClinical Neurophysiology
Vroegere onlinedatum26-jul.-2022
StatusPublished - okt.-2022

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