Internet-Based commons of intellectual resources: An exploration of their variety

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During the two last decades, speeded up by the development of the Internet, several types of commons have been opened up for intellectual resources. In this article their variety is being explored as to the kind of resources and the type of regulation involved. The open source software movement initiated the phenomenon, by creating a copyright-based commons of source code that can be labelled 'dynamic': allowing both use and modification of resources. Additionally, such a commons may be either protected from appropriation (by 'copyleft' licensing), or unprotected. Around the year 2000, this approach was generalized by the Creative Commons initiative. In the process they added a 'static' commons, in which only use of resources is allowed. This mould was applied to the sciences and the humanities in particular, and various Open Access initiatives unfolded. A final aspect of copyright-based commons is the distinction between active and passive commons: while the latter is only a site for obtaining resources, the former is also a site for production of new resources by communities of volunteers ('peer production'). Finally, several patent commons are discussed, which mainly aim at preventing patents blocking the further development of science. Throughout, attention is drawn to interrelationships between the various commons.

Originele taal-2English
TitelSocial Informatics: An Information Society for All?
Redacteuren J. Berleur, M.I. Nurminen, J. Impaglizzo
Plaats van productieNew York
Aantal pagina's13
ISBN van geprinte versie0-387-37875-8
StatusPublished - 2006
Evenement7th International Conference on Human Choice and Computers (HCC7) - , Slovenia
Duur: 21-sep.-200623-sep.-2006

Publicatie series

ISSN van geprinte versie1571-5736


Other7th International Conference on Human Choice and Computers (HCC7)

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