Intraocular degradation behavior of crosslinked and linear poly(trimethylene carbonate) and poly(D,L-lactic acid)

Janine Jansen, Steven A. Koopmans, Leonoor I. Los, Roelofje J. van der Worp, Johanna G. Podt, Johanna M. M. Hooymans, Jan Feijen, Dirk W. Grijpma*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

28 Citaten (Scopus)


The intraocular degradation behavior of poly(trimethylene carbonate) (PTMC) networks and poly(-D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA) networks and of linear high molecular weight PTMC and PDLLA was evaluated. PTMC is known to degrade by enzymatic surface erosion in vivo, whereas PDLLA degrades by hydrolytic bulk degradation. Rod shaped specimens were implanted in the vitreous of New Zealand white rabbits for 6 or 13 wk. All materials were well tolerated in the rabbit vitreous. The degradation of linear high molecular weight PTMC and PTMC networks was very slow and no significant mass loss was observed within 13 wk. Only some minor signs of macrophage mediated erosion were found. The fact that no significant enzymatic surface erosion occurs can be related to the avascularity of the vitreous and the limited number of cells it contains. PDLLA samples showed more evident signs of degradation. For linear PDLLA significant swelling and a large decrease in molecular weight in time was observed and PDLLA network implants started to lose mass within 13 wk. Of the tested materials, PDLLA networks seem to be most promising for long term degradation controlled intravitreal drug delivery since this material degrades without significant swelling. Furthermore the preparation method of these networks allows easy and efficient incorporation of drugs. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)4994-5002
Aantal pagina's9
Nummer van het tijdschrift22
StatusPublished - aug.-2011

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