Ischemia modified albumin as a marker of hypoxia in preterm infants in the first week after birth

Martin van der Heide*, Anneke C. Muller Kobold, Karin K.R. Koerts-Steijn, Christian V. Hulzebos, Jan B.F. Hulscher, Simon Eaton, Michael Orford, Arend F. Bos, Jan Koerts, Elisabeth M.W. Kooi

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Background: Tissue hypoxia remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Current biomarkers often detect irreversible hypoxic cellular injury (i.e. lactate) and are non-specific. A new biomarker is needed which detects tissue hypoxia before irreversible damage occurs.

Aims: To investigate the relation between serum ischemia modified albumin (IMA), a marker of hypoxia; and analytic variables, patient related variables and conditions associated with hypoxia, in preterm infants.

Study design: Retrospective cohort study.

Subjects: Infants with a gestational age < 30 weeks and/or birth weight < 1000 g.

Outcome measures: We collected two remnant blood samples in the first week after birth and measured IMA. IMA/albumin ratio (IMAR) was used to adjust for albumin. We assessed correlations between IMA(R) and analytic variables (albumin, lipemia- and haemolysis index); mean-2 h SpO2; mean-2 h variability of regional splanchnic oxygen saturation (rsSO2), measured using near-infrared spectroscopy; and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).

Results: Sixty-five infants were included. Albumin, the lipemia- and haemolysis index correlated negatively with IMA (r:-0.620, P<0.001; r:-0.458, P<0.001; and r:-0.337, P=0.002). IMAR correlated negatively with SpO2 (rho:-0.614, P<0.001). Lower rsSO2 variability correlated with higher IMAR values (rho:-0.785, n=14, P=0.001 and rho:-0.773, n=11, P=0.005). Infants with a hemodynamic significant PDA (hsPDA) had higher IMAR values than infants without PDA (0.13 [0.11–0.28], n=16 vs. 0.11 [0.08–0.20], n=29, P=0.005 and 0.11 [0.09–0.18], n=13 vs. 0.09 [0.06–0.17], n=37, P=0.026).

Conclusions: When adjusted for albumin, the lipemia- and haemolysis index, IMAR has potential value as a marker for systemic hypoxia in preterm infants, considering the associations with SpO2, variability of rsSO2, and hsPDA.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftEarly Human Development
StatusPublished - feb.-2024


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