Although patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) have no coronary artery disease, regional impairment of myocardial perfusion combined with preserved metabolism has been found using positron emission tomography (PET). Our aim was to assess the prognostic relevance of PET-mismatch between stress myocardial perfusion and glucose uptake on clinical outcome in DCM.
In 24 patients with DCM who underwent both myocardial perfusion and metabolism PET scanning, "mismatch" was assessed and the association with clinical outcome (hospitalization, mortality, and heart transplantation) was investigated.
Mismatch was found in 16 patients (66.7%). Univariate analysis showed that the presence of mismatch was associated with adverse outcome (P = 0.03). After adjustment for sex and age, the association remained significant with an adjusted relative risk of 10.4 (95% CI 1.1-103; P = 0.04) for death, heart transplant, or hospitalization. Univariate analysis also showed that a higher extent of mismatch was significantly associated with adverse outcome (P = 0.02). After adjusting for sex and age, the association remained significant with an adjusted relative risk of 6.5 [95% CI 1.2-36; P = 0.03] for death, heart transplantation, or hospitalization.
PET stress perfusion-metabolism mismatch, indicative for ischemia, is frequently found in DCM patients and related to a poorer outcome.