Kenyan doctoral students’ success: Roles of motivation and self-efficacy

Hyrine Mueni Matheka*, Ellen P. W. A. Jansen, W. H. Adriaan Hofman

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

8 Citaten (Scopus)
201 Downloads (Pure)


Doctor of philosophy (PhD) degree holders are highly regarded in
Kenya, especially in academia, and the Kenyan economy needs
them to undertake administrative, research and innovation roles
in academia and industry. However, attaining this qualification
is arduous and Kenyan PhD programmes are characterised by
low enrolment numbers, long degree completion times and low
graduation rates. In other countries, PhD students’ success has
been linked to motivation and self-efficacy. This cross-sectional
study explores the extents to which motivation and self-efficacy
relate to PhD student success in Kenya and to which this relationship
differs across background and programme characteristics. Using
multiple linear regression, the authors analyse data from an online
questionnaire administered to 628 PhD students enrolled between
2010 and 2018. The findings indicate that extrinsic motivation
does not predict PhD students’ pace. Intrinsic motivation positively
predicts students’ pace in the Medical Sciences programme cluster
and for those aged 51 years or older. Self-efficacy negatively
predicts students’ pace in the Medical Sciences programme cluster.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)115 - 129
Aantal pagina's15
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - 11-jun.-2020


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