OBJECTIVES: To compare the occurence of primary renal diseases (PRD) in Roma and non-Roma children.
METHODS: Data on all outpatients (n = 921) from a tertiary pediatric nephrology centre (<19 years) in eastern Slovakia were collected. We assessed early signs and symptoms and PRD for Roma and non-Roma children.
RESULTS: The proportion of Roma among patients was relatively small regarding early signs like proteinuria but large regarding PRD with gross clinically apparent symptoms (e.g. Alport syndrome, p < 0.01 and systemic lupus erythematosus, p < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The overall proportion of Roma children in outpatients with kidney problems is smaller than the estimated proportion of Roma in all children in Slovakia, in particular for early signs, but not for major renal diseases.