Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding COVID-19 Among Healthcare Workers in Venezuela: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey

Daniela Lucia Mendoza Millan, Fhabian Stevens Carrion-Nessi, Mario Daniel Mejia Bernard, Maria Victoria Marcano-Rojas, Oscar Daniel Omana Avila, Juan Manuel Doval Fernandez, Fabian Rafael Chacon Labrador, Adriana Quintero Rodriguez, Sebastian Gasparini Vega, Adriana Tami, Andrea L. Maricuto, Viledy L. Velasquez, Maria Eugenia Landaeta, Manuel Figuera, Melynar Chavero, Luisamy Figuera, Natasha A. Camejo-Avila, David A. Forero-Pena*

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

12 Citaten (Scopus)
103 Downloads (Pure)


Background: The deterioration of Venezuela's health system in recent years undoubtedly contributes to an increased impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding healthcare workers' (HCWs) knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) toward COVID-19 in the early stages of the pandemic could inform their medical training and improve their preparedness.

Methods: A online national cross-sectional survey was conducted between May 26th and May 30th, 2020, to assess KAPs among HCWs in Venezuela.

Results: A total of 1,441 HCWs from all 24 regions of the country responded to the survey. The mean age of the HCWs was 44 (SD [standard deviation] 14) years; most were women (66.4%). Most HCWs were specialized doctors (48%), followed by nurses (13%) and resident doctors (12.3%). The majority of HCWs had good knowledge (76.3%), obtained information mainly from scientific literature (85.4%); had negative attitudes (53.6%), felt uncomfortable with their work during the current pandemic (59.8%); and reported appropriate practices (76.9%). However, participation in COVID-19 related training was absent in more than half of the HCWs. Positive attitudes were significantly more frequent in frontline workers than in non-frontline workers (p = 0.001). Bioanalysts, students, and doctors were more likely to have good knowledge; participating in training was a predictor for positive attitudes and older age was an appropriate practice predictor.

Conclusions: HCWs, knowledge in Venezuela could be improved by strengthening education and training programs. Strategies should focus on reducing fear and improving attitudes toward the care of COVID-19 patients, as well as the promotion of preventive practices.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1-10
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftFrontiers in Public Health
StatusPublished - 13-jul.-2021


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