Laser melt injection of hard ceramic particles into Al and Ti alloys - processing, microstructure and mechanical behavior

V Ocelik, S. Nijman, R van Ingen, U Oliveira, J Th M De Hosson

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review


    The conditions for a successful Laser Melt Injection (LMI) of SiC and WC particles into the melt pool of Al8Si and Ti6Al4V alloys were studied exptl. and theor. by FEM calcns. The laser employed is a high power Nd:YAG. The formation of a relatively thick aluminum oxide layer on the Al melt surface was confirmed during in-situ melting in an Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (ESEM) at temps. >900 Deg. This oxide layer acts as a barrier for particle penetration but it can be dissolved in the melt at temps. >1250 Deg and consequently it opens a \textbackslash"window\textbackslash" for particle injection. The finite element anal. of the laser melting process of Al-Si alloy leads to the conclusions that the laser scan velocity has only a small influence on the substrate temp. distribution in the vicinity of the laser beam and that the size of extended part of laser melt pool (which is the best place for injection) is extremely small. In contrast to Ti-alloys an extension of a melt pool size behind the laser beam, which serves as an effective instrument for successful LMI of ceramic particles, is not a successful processing route in the case of Al alloys. The relationship between microstructure, tensile and wear properties has been investigated for SiC/Al-Si and WC/Ti-Al-V metal matrix composite layers. Although the presence of hard and brittle phases formed during the laser. Processing decreases the tensile strength in comparison with substrate materials, a massive improvement of wear resistance of both layers is confirmed. As in-situ (ESEM) tensile tests show the crack-initiation process in the WC/Ti-Al-V layer strongly depends on the type of WC powder used in the laser melt injection process.
    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)141-153
    Aantal pagina's13
    TijdschriftComputational and Experimental Methods
    Nummer van het tijdschriftSurface Treatment VI
    StatusPublished - 2003

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