Celtic fields en marke- en malebossen. Enkele gedachten over hun landschapshistorische samenhang en een bijzondere prehistorische landschapstransitie

Theo Spek*, Harm Smeenge

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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    Samenvatting

    Until recently, Celtic fields could only be distinguished on aerial photographs, especially in open landscapes like arable fields and heathlands. With the emergence of lidar data, however, a new set of these late prehistoric fields have been discovered in afforested areas. A closer examination of the about two hundred known Celtic fields in The Netherlands revealed that about 50-60 percent of them are situated in former common woodlands dating from the later Middle Ages. Apparently, there is a causal connection between the two. After the abandonment of the Celtic fields in the Early Roman period woodland regeneration on these nutrient rich soils was probably more prominent than on the surrounding podzolised soils. Archeological excavations and modern-day field research reveal that there could have been possible interphase of early and high medieval coppice woods on former Celtic fields, which were used for large-scale charcoal production supplying local and regional iron industries. This would diachronically and topographically connect three main narratives of Dutch sandy landscapes i.e. late prehistoric working landscapes, early and high medieval iron production and late medieval and early modern common woodlands.

    Vertaalde titel van de bijdrageLate prehistoric Celtic fields and medieval common woodlands. Some reflections on their landscape historical interrelation and a remarkable landscape transition.
    Originele taal-2Dutch
    Pagina's (van-tot)223-242
    Aantal pagina's20
    TijdschriftTijdschrift voor Historische Geografie
    Volume6
    Nummer van het tijdschrift3
    DOI's
    StatusPublished - 2021

    Keywords

    • Celtic fields, prehistorie, middeleeuwen, historische bossen

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