The lignan profile of the aerial part of Piper cubeba L. (Piperaceae) was determined using GC, GC-MS and HPLC. The number of lignans found in the leaves was 15, followed by berries and the stalks with respectively 13 and five lignans. This is the first investigation of lignans from the leaves and the stalks of P. cubeba. Cubebin, hinokinin, yatein, isoyatein are common lignans in the genus Piper and appeared as major components in all parts of P. cubeba investigated. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.