Low rates of patients meeting return to sport criteria 9 months after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a prospective longitudinal study

Wouter Welling*, Anne Benjaminse, Romain Seil, Koen Lemmink, Stefano Zaffagnini, Alli Gokeler

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

116 Citaten (Scopus)
402 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose The purpose of the current prospective study was to assess the changes over time in patients tested at 6 months and 9 months after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) with a return to sport (RTS) test battery. It was hypothesized that more patients passed RTS criteria at 9 months compared to 6 months.

Methods Sixty-two ACLR patients performed a test battery at an average of 6.5 +/- 0.7 and 9.5 +/- 0.9 months after ACLR. All patients underwent a standardized rehabilitation protocol. The test battery consisted of the following tests: a jump-landing task assessed with the Landing Error Scoring System (LESS), three single-leg hop tasks (single-leg hop test, triple-leg hop test, side hop test), isokinetic quadriceps and hamstring strength at 60, 180 and 300 degrees/s and two questionnaires (IKDC and ACL-RSI). Cut off criteria were set as Limb Symmetry Index (LSI)>90% (for isokinetic strength and for single-leg hop tasks), LESS56 respectively.

Results At 6 months, two patients (3.2%) passed all criteria. At 9 months, seven patients (11.3%) passed all criteria. Patients improved in all RTS criteria over time except for the IKDC score. Twenty-nine patients (46.8%) did not pass the strength criterion at 60 degrees/s at 9 months after ACLR.

Conclusions The percentages of patients passing all RTS criteria were low at both 6 and 9 months after ACLR. Quadriceps strength revealed persistent deficits and the lack of improvement in the IKDC score questionnaires shows insufficient self-reported knee function for RTS.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)3636-3644
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftKnee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy
Nummer van het tijdschrift12
StatusPublished - dec.-2018

Citeer dit