Spontaneously occurring hypoglycemia has been described in children with severe acute congestive heart failure. Hypoglycemia may he the result of an increase in glucose utilization in tissues, a decrease in glucose production, or a decrease in the dietary intake of nutrients. To determine whether hypoglycemia may also occur in congenital heart disease with volume overloading, we investigated glucose metabolism during and after an 18-hour fast in nine lambs with an aortopulmonary left-to-right shunt and nine control lambs. Plasma levels of hormones involved in the endocrine control of glucose metabolism were determined. The glucose production rate (rate of appearance [R-a]) was studied using [U-C-13]glucose. Gluconeogenesis through the Cori cycle was estimated by measuring glucose C-13 recycling. The arterial glucose concentration (3,409 +/- 104 v 4,338 +/- 172 mu mol/L, P <.001) and R-a of glucose (16.97 +/- 0.89 v 25.49 +/- 4.28 mu mol . min(-1). kg(-1), P <.05) were lower in shunt versus control lambs. There were no differences in hormone levels between control and shunt lambs. Fractional glucose C-13 recycling via the Cori cycle (6.9% +/- 2.8% v 7.1% +/- 2.5%) and gluconeogenesis from pyruvate and lactate (1.24 +/- 0.58 v 1.95 +/- 0.67 mu mol . min(-1). kg(-1)) were similar in both groups of lambs. The sum of glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis from precursors other than pyruvate and lactate was lower in shunt versus control lambs (15.73 +/- 1.07 v 23.54 +/- 4.27 mu mol . min(-1). kg(-1), P <.05). In conclusion, after an 18-hour fast, the arterial glucose concentration is lower in lambs with aortopulmonary shunts. This lower glucose concentration is associated with a decreased glucose production rate. In shunt lambs, glycogenolysis is decreased, while there is no difference in gluconeogenesis or hormonal control. Copyright (C) 1999 by W.B. Saunders Company.
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||9|
|Status||Published - sep.-1999|