Machine learning-based radiomic analysis and growth visualization for ablation site recurrence diagnosis in follow-up CT

Yunchao Yin, Robbert J de Haas, Natalia Alves, Jan Pieter Pennings, Simeon J S Ruiter, Thomas C Kwee, Derya Yakar*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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OBJECTIVES: Detecting ablation site recurrence (ASR) after thermal ablation remains a challenge for radiologists due to the similarity between tumor recurrence and post-ablative changes. Radiomic analysis and machine learning methods may show additional value in addressing this challenge. The present study primarily sought to determine the efficacy of radiomic analysis in detecting ASR on follow-up computed tomography (CT) scans. The second aim was to develop a visualization tool capable of emphasizing regions of ASR between follow-up scans in individual patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lasso regression and Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) classifiers were employed for modeling radiomic features extracted from regions of interest delineated by two radiologists. A leave-one-out test (LOOT) was utilized for performance evaluation. A visualization method, creating difference heatmaps (diff-maps) between two follow-up scans, was developed to emphasize regions of growth and thereby highlighting potential ASR.

RESULTS: A total of 55 patients, including 20 with and 35 without ASR, were included in the radiomic analysis. The best performing model was achieved by Lasso regression tested with the LOOT approach, reaching an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.97 and an accuracy of 92.73%. The XGBoost classifier demonstrated better performance when trained with all extracted radiomic features than without feature selection, achieving an AUC of 0.93 and an accuracy of 89.09%. The diff-maps correctly highlighted post-ablative liver tumor recurrence in all patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Machine learning-based radiomic analysis and growth visualization proved effective in detecting ablation site recurrence on follow-up CT scans.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftAbdominal radiology (New York)
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 30-jan.-2024

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