Maintenance of lifestyle changes: 3-Year results of the Groningen Overweight and Lifestyle study

Femke Driehuis, Jeroen C. M. Barte*, Nancy C. W. ter Bogt, Frank W. Beltman, Andries J. Smit, Klaas van der Meer, Wanda J. E. Bemelmans

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

12 Citaten (Scopus)
390 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the three-year effect of lifestyle counseling by a nurse practitioner (NP) on physical activity (PA) and dietary intake compared with usual care by a general practitioner (GP).

Methods: At baseline, subjects were randomly allocated to the NP group (n = 225) or to the GP group (n = 232). The NP group received a low-intensive lifestyle intervention for three years by the NP and the GP group received one consultation by the GP and thereafter usual care. PA and dietary intake were assessed with questionnaires at baseline, 1 year follow-up and 3 year follow-up.

Results: After three years, leisure-time activity increased and favorable improvements towards a healthy diet were made for both groups. These three-year changes in PA and diet did not differ significantly between groups. Changes in PA and dietary habits after one year were practically maintained after 3 years, because only small relapses were found.

Conclusion: After three years, subjects were more physically active and had a healthier diet compared to baseline. Lifestyle counseling by NP resulted in similar lifestyle changes compared to GP consultation.

Practice implications: NPs could also advice patients at cardiovascular risk by lifestyle counseling, to possibly reduce GP barriers. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)249-255
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftPatient Education and Counseling
Volume88
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusPublished - aug.-2012

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