Masticatory function in patients with an extremely resorbed mandible restored with mandibular implant-retained overdentures: comparison of three types of treatment protocols

K Stellingsma*, AP Slagter, B Stegenga, GM Raghoebar, HJA Meijer

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

83 Citaten (Scopus)


The objective of the present study was to analyse the effects of implant supported overdentures on masticatory function in patients with an extremely resorbed mandible, and to compare the masticatory function in these patients using three differing types of implant treatment protocols. The mandibular overdentures were retained by a transmandibular implant, by four endosseous implants following augmentation of the mandible, and by four short endosseous implants, respectively. Sixty patients (50 women, 10 men, mean age 59.4 years) were randomly allocated to one of the three treatment groups. Masticatory function was assessed before and after treatment using a questionnaire, a masticatory performance test, and a structured interview. The patient-based masticatory function improved significantly. Concerning these parameters there were no significant differences between the three groups before and after treatment. A significant difference existed between the three groups for the laboratory-assessed masticatory function before treatment, but after treatment this difference was no longer significant. From this study it can be concluded that patients with an extremely resorbed mandible and functional complaints of their lower denture report significant improvement in masticatory function after implant-overdenture treatment. Differences in masticatory function between the three studied modalities were not significant after treatment.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)403-410
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftJournal of Oral Rehabilitation
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
StatusPublished - jun-2005

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