BACKGROUND: Maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) is a risk factor for the development of overweight in her child. It is unknown whether GWG programs the child's health or whether GWG indicates a shared familial lifestyle during childhood. To disentangle these influences, we studied the association of GWG and postdelivery maternal weight change simultaneously with child's weight development.
METHODS: We used data from 3367 children participating in a birth cohort that started in 1996 in the Netherlands. Weight and height were self-reported. GWG was categorized as "inadequate," "adequate," and "excessive." Multivariable regression and mixed models were used to study maternal and child weight changes.
RESULTS: Children of mothers with excessive GWG had a higher BMI z score and overweight prevalence (odds ratio [OR] 1.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.99 to 1.46) throughout childhood. Children of mothers with a high (>= 1 kg/year) postdelivery weight gain had a 0.14 (95% CI, -0.08 to 0.36) higher change in BMI z score between age 1 and 14 years than children of mothers with a low (
CONCLUSIONS: Maternal GWG and postdelivery weight gain contribute to child's weight development up to adolescence independently.