Measuring industrial upgrading: applying factor analysis in a global value chain framework

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Samenvatting

A key question for promoting international competition is how to improve the position of countries and industries in global value chains (GVCs). The first step is to properly measure industrial upgrading in GVCs. This is not a trivial issue because upgrading has not been defined unambiguously. Several authors have used different (and sometimes related) measures, all of which indicate certain aspects of upgrading. Rather than trying to find the single, ultimate measure of upgrading, we propose a different approach. We examine the multidimensionality of industrial upgrading, using eight indicators in factor analysis. Four of the eight indicators adopt the GVC perspective and include, for example, the growth of the share in value-added exports. We provide three quantitative dimensions of industrial upgrading: process upgrading, product upgrading, and skill upgrading. With these dimensions, we compare and analyze the upgrading of different countries and industries using the World Input–Output Database.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)642-664
Aantal pagina's23
TijdschriftEconomic Systems Research
Volume31
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
Vroegere onlinedatum3-mei-2019
DOI's
StatusPublished - 2019

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