Measuring the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: A baseline analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

Stephen S. Lim, Kate Allen, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Lalit Dandona, Mohammad H. Forouzanfar, Nancy Fullman, Peter W. Gething, Ellen M. Goldberg, Simon I. Hay, Mollie Holmberg, Yohannes Kinfu, Michael J. Kutz, Heidi J. Larson, Xiaofeng Liang, Alan D. Lopez, Rafael Lozano, Claire R. McNellan, Ali H. Mokdad, Meghan D. Mooney, Mohsen NaghaviHelen E. Olsen, David M. Pigott, Joshua A. Salomon, Theo Vos, Haidong Wang, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Cristiana Abbafati, Kaja M. Abbas, Foad Abd-Allah, Abdishakur M. Abdulle, Biju Abraham, Ibrahim Abubakar, Laith J. Abu-Raddad, Niveen M. E. Abu-Rmeileh, Gebre Yitayih Abyu, Tom Achoki, Akindele Olupelumi Adebiyi, Isaac Akinkunmi Adedeji, Kossivi Agbelenko Afanvi, Ashkan Afshin, Arnav Agarwal, Anurag Agrawal, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Hamid Ahmadieh, Kedir Yimam Ahmed, Azmeraw T. Amare, Hans W. Hoek, Abhishek Singh, Abera Kenay Tura, GBD 2015 SDG Collaborators

    Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

    331 Citaten (Scopus)
    347 Downloads (Pure)


    Background In September, 2015, the UN General Assembly established the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs specify 17 universal goals, 169 targets, and 230 indicators leading up to 2030. We provide an analysis of 33 health-related SDG indicators based on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015).

    Methods We applied statistical methods to systematically compiled data to estimate the performance of 33 health-related SDG indicators for 188 countries from 1990 to 2015. We rescaled each indicator on a scale from 0 (worst observed value between 1990 and 2015) to 100 (best observed). Indices representing all 33 health-related SDG indicators (health-related SDG index), health-related SDG indicators included in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG index), and health-related indicators not included in the MDGs (non-MDG index) were computed as the geometric mean of the rescaled indicators by SDG target. We used spline regressions to examine the relations between the Socio-demographic Index (SDI, a summary measure based on average income per person, educational attainment, and total fertility rate) and each of the health-related SDG indicators and indices.

    Findings In 2015, the median health-related SDG index was 59.3 (95% uncertainty interval 56.8-61.8) and varied widely by country, ranging from 85.5 (84.2-86.5) in Iceland to 20.4 (15.4-24.9) in Central African Republic. SDI was a good predictor of the health-related SDG index (r(2) = 0.88) and the MDG index (r(2) = 0.92), whereas the non-MDG index had a weaker relation with SDI (r(2) = 0.79). Between 2000 and 2015, the health-related SDG index improved by a median of 7.9 (IQR 5.0-10.4), and gains on the MDG index (a median change of 10.0 [6.7-13.1]) exceeded that of the nonMDG index (a median change of 5.5 [2.1-8.9]). Since 2000, pronounced progress occurred for indicators such as met need with modern contraception, under-5 mortality, and neonatal mortality, as well as the indicator for universal health coverage tracer interventions. Moderate improvements were found for indicators such as HIV and tuberculosis incidence, minimal changes for hepatitis B incidence took place, and childhood overweight considerably worsened.

    Interpretation GBD provides an independent, comparable avenue for monitoring progress towards the health-related SDGs. Our analysis not only highlights the importance of income, education, and fertility as drivers of health improvement but also emphasises that investments in these areas alone will not be sufficient. Although considerable progress on the health-related MDG indicators has been made, these gains will need to be sustained and, in many cases, accelerated to achieve the ambitious SDG targets. The minimal improvement in or worsening of health-related indicators beyond the MDGs highlight the need for additional resources to effectively address the expanded scope of the health-related SDGs.

    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)1813-1850
    Aantal pagina's38
    TijdschriftThe Lancet
    Nummer van het tijdschrift10053
    StatusPublished - 8-okt.-2016

    Citeer dit