Middeleeuwse ijzer- en houtskoolproductie op de Veluwe. Nieuw onderzoek van een productielandschap in het bosgebied ’t Asselt bij Rheden (Veluwezoom)

Theo Spek, Kimberley Kleine Koerkamp

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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    Medieval iron and charcoal production in the Veluwe region - Recent research on the iron production landscape in the coppice wood of ‘t Asselt near Rheden (Southeastern Veluwe) Between the seventh and twelfth century ad large-scale iron production took place in the Veluwe region (Central Netherlands) based on the extraction of iron-rich loam concretions in the regional ice-pushed ridges.
    This iron production required large amounts of charcoal which were produced by the large-scale burning of semi-natural and/or coppice woods. There is palaeobotanical evidence that the woodland vegetation of the Veluwe diminished by two-thirds in this medieval period, partly because of medieval woodland reclamations, partly because of charcoal-burning. A master thesis project revealed the existence of an extensive and largely untouched iron production landscape in the coppice wood of ‘t Asselt (Southeastern Veluwe). Based on ceramics from the eighth-twelfth century, historical-geographical relics as well as w ritten evidence this early and high medieval landscape layer seems rather complete and untouched, which makes it a very promising site for further archaeological research on medieval iron production landscapes.
    Vertaalde titel van de bijdrageMedieval iron and charcoal production in the Veluwe region (Central Netherlands). New investigations on a production landscape in the woodlands of 't Asselt near the village of Rheden.
    Originele taal-2Dutch
    Pagina's (van-tot)3-25
    Aantal pagina's23
    TijdschriftTijdschrift voor Historische Geografie
    Volume7
    Nummer van het tijdschrift1
    DOI's
    StatusPublished - 1-mrt-2022

    Keywords

    • Gelderland, Veluwe, middeleeuwen, ijzerwinning, houtskoolproductie

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