Metabolic control during the neonatal period in phenylketonuria: associations with childhood IQ

Geertje B. Liemburg, Stephan C. J. Huijbregts*, Frank Rutsch, Reinhold Feldmann, Rianne Jahja, Josef Weglage, Ulrike Och, Johannes G. M. Burgerhof, Francjan J. van Spronsen

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

7 Citaten (Scopus)
96 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Background In phenylketonuria, treatment and subsequent lowering of phenylalanine levels usually occur within the first month of life. This study investigated whether different indicators of metabolic control during the neonatal period were associated with IQ during late childhood/early adolescence. Methods Overall phenylalanine concentration during the first month of life (total "area under the curve"), proportion of phenylalanine concentrations above upper target level (360 mu mol/L) and proportion below lower target level (120 mu mol/L) during this period, diagnostic phenylalanine levels, number of days until phenylalanine levels were 360 mu mol/L during the first month of life negatively correlated with IQ in late childhood/early adolescence. Separately, phenylalanine concentrations during different periods within the first month of life (0-10 days, 11-20 days, 21-30 days) were negatively correlated with later IQ as well, but correlation strengths did not differ significantly. No further significant associations were found. Conclusions In phenylketonuria, achievement of target-range phenylalanine levels during the neonatal period is important for cognition later in life, also when compared to other indicators of metabolic control. Impact In phenylketonuria, it remains unclear during which age periods or developmental stages metabolic control is most important for later cognitive outcomes. Phenylalanine levels during the neonatal period were clearly and negatively related to later IQ, whereas no significant associations were observed for other indices of metabolic control. This emphasizes the relative importance of this period for cognitive development in phenylketonuria. No further distinctions were observed in strength of associations with later IQ between different indicators of metabolic control during the neonatal period. Thus, achievement of good metabolic control within 1 month after birth appears "safe" with respect to later cognitive outcomes.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftPediatric Research
Vroegere onlinedatum8-sep.-2021
DOI's
StatusPublished - 2022

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